ZAMARIS

ZAMARIS
ZAMARIS (Zimri; late first century B.C.E.–early first century C.E.), Babylonian Jew. Zamaris fled from Parthian Babylonia with a retinue of 500 horsemen and mounted archers, as well as his family. He had taken refuge in Syria, when herod heard of his presence. Desirous of strengthening Jewish settlement in trachonitis and of creating a buffer zone, Herod offered land to Zamaris, who was not to be taxed. The Babylonians settled and built a village, bathyra , which served as a shield both for the Jewish settlements and for the pilgrims from Babylonia traveling to Jerusalem for the pilgrim festivals. Zamaris' son Jacimus organized a bodyguard for the Herodian family. His son Philip remained a close associate of Agrippa. Some are of the opinion that the benei bathyra , who held high office in the administration of the Temple, came from these Babylonian settlers of Bathyra. In any event, it is clear that the Babylonian Zamaris had mastered Parthian military tactics and that his followers (who included mounted archers) were excellent soldiers. Zamaris must have held a substantial place in the Parthian feudal structure. His flight has nothing to do with Parthian "antisemitism," for in this same period other Jewish grandees held considerable power in the empire. Zamaris may have fallen victim to the complex intrigues surrounding the disputed Arsacid throne. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Ant., 17:23–31; N.C. Debevoise, Political History of Parthia (1938), 145–6; G. Rawlinson, The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy (1873), 240ff.; Neusner, Babylonia, 1 (1965), 38–41. (Jacob Neusner)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BATHYRA — BATHYRA, place in the toparchy of Batanea (i.e., bashan , east of Golan) founded by Jewish military settlers from Babylonia. Desirous of defending his borders from attacks by the neighboring Trachonites, herod decided to settle a large number of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TRACHONITIS — TRACHONITIS, a province of the area of bashan E. of the River Jordan and N. of the River Yarmuk. It was one of the three provinces into which the area was divided by the Ptolemies, the other two being Gaulonitis and Batanaea. As a result the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Colegio Católico Notre Dame — For other schools of the same name, see Notre Dame High School (disambiguation). Colegio Católico Notre Dame File:Ccnd logo.jpg Virtus et Scientia Virtue and Science Location Caguas …   Wikipedia

  • BABYLONIA — BABYLONIA, ancient country in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers; corresponding approximately to modern iraq . Babylonia is the Greek form of the name babili – sometimes translated as gate of God – known from cuneiform texts …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BASHAN — (Heb. בָּשָׁן, הַבָּשָׁן), a region north of the Yarmuk River and east of the Jordan and lakes Ḥuleh and Kinneret. In biblical times, the city of salchah (Salcah) was at the eastern extremity of Bashan (Deut. 3:10; Josh. 13:11) and the city of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PHILIP OF BATHYRA — (first century C.E.), son of Jacimus and grandson of Zamaris, rulers of Bathyra in the district of Trachonitis. He was a friend of Agrippa II, who appointed him commander of the army in Bathyra. Josephus describes him as excelling in combat and…… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”